Unit A1 – Notes & the Stave

In this unit students will learn:

  • the musical alphabet
  • their finger numbers
  • about the stave, and treble and bass clefs
  • the notes middle C – G in the treble clef
  • the notes F – middle C in the bass clef

Jump to: Flash Cards, Activities, Worksheets,
Visit: Unit A2, Unit A3, Unit A4, Unit A5, Unit A6, Unit A8, Unit A10, End of Unit
Go To: Stage A, Stage B, Stage C, Stage D, Stage E, Stage F, Stage G, Stage H

Flash Cards

Finger Number Flash Cards

A set of free flash cards, each with a different finger number pattern on. Use this to help your students develop independence of the fingers.

The following flash cards are available to purchase through our Payhip store.

Stage A – D Note Flash Cards 

Note flash cards including:

  • All notes within the treble and bass clef staves
  • Notes up to and including two ledger lines above and below the treble and bass clef staves.

Use which ever notes you need for the individual pupil. You may find it helpful to colour code them by using different coloured card for the notes that belong to different levels.


  • Get students to tap finger patterns on the piano. call out the finger patterns or use finger number flash cards (above).  These finger patterns could relate to a piece you are going to use. Alternatively, ask students to tap out a piece on the lid of the piano before playing it on the keys.
  • Ask students to play all keys of a specific letter on the piano (as an extension to this ask them to play loud/soft, or with some other characteristic)
  • Ask students to write in finger numbers or letter names for the pieces they are learning. Alternatively ask them to highlight all notes of a particular letter on the page. I like to use Frixion Highlighters for this. You could also use removable indexing tabs.
  • Ask students to write particular notes on a music whiteboard (like this one) or manuscript paper. You could give them just a letter name to draw or play a note on the piano. New notes can be written on the whiteboard and then propped up next to the piece they are learning
  • Flashnote Derby iPad game (paid app). Select two or more notes for students to identify.
  • Get students to compose their own pieces. In the early lessons this could be a sound story where students make up a story and use the piano to narrate it. Later on you can use a composition worksheet, like this one from Roo Records. The example includes quaver groups which you can use as a teaching point if appropriate. Use these in conjunction with our note flash cards (above), or Stage A rhythm flash cards to secure particular rhythms or notes.

Vibrant Music Teachers

  • Finger Twister, Tippy Taps, and Wiggles and Waggles all help to reinforce finger numbers and connect number with action.
  • Keyboard Builder gives students the chance to display their knowledge of the pattern of black keys on the piano. Piano Builder is a slightly more challenging version of this game.
  • Lions, Tigers, and Bears can help to reinforce the link between the staff, the letter, and the piano key. Make sure you select the appropriate cards for the stage!
  • Jungle Jump tests knowledge of Stage A letter names (middle C position).

Study for Five

  • Finger numbers are tested in Finger Painting, Ant Climb, and Nails & Jems (all Piano Theory Funtime pack).
  • There is a group of games in the Flashcard Fun (Notes) pack that allow you to select the notes you play with – perfect for quick games at any level.

We sell our resources through Payhip. Visit our online store to browse our materials. The links below will take you directly to the specified product.

Stage A Symbols and The Stave

  • Basics of the stave
  • Symbols learned at this stage

Note worksheets:

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External worksheets

Enjoy Piano have made two sets of worksheets available as free downloads from their website. Click the links below to visit the relevant blog posts.

Bass Clef (Stage A Notes)
Treble Clef (Stage A Notes)