Unit C1 – Notes and the Stave

In Stage C, students are formally introduced to ledger lines. To complete the stage they should be comfortable with:

  • notes that are up to one ledger line above or below the treble clef stave
  • notes that are up to one ledger line above or below the bass clef stave
  • the sign for playing one octave higher than written
  • the sign for playing one octave lower than written

They should get the experience of playing all of these features (all though not necessarily at the same time!)

As part of Unit C7 (Hand Positions & Co-ordination) students will start to move beyond a fixed five finger position and should start to become comfortable with playing piece that have a range of 1 octave in at least one hand. They might also play pieces where the hands move from one fixed five finger position to a second fixed five finger position.

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Flash Cards


These flash cards are available to purchase for download from our Payhip store.

Stage A – D Note Flash Cards 

Note flash cards including:

  • All notes within the treble and bass clef staves
  • Notes up to and including two ledger lines above and below the treble and bass clef staves.

Use which ever notes you need for the individual pupil. You may find it helpful to colour code them by using different coloured card for the notes that belong to different levels.


  • Flashnote Derby or Note Rush are two iPad note reading games (both paid apps). You can select ledger line notes for students to focus on.
  • Use our flash cards above to reinforce new note names as students come across them in their pieces, so that students are comfortable naming them in context.
  • Get students to compose their own pieces using new notes. If they need help with this you can use a composition worksheet, like this one from Roo Records. Use these in conjunction with our note flash cards (above), or Stage C rhythm flash cards to secure particular rhythms or notes. 


We sell our worksheets through Payhip. The links below will take you to the individual product pages.

C1 Ledger Line Notes Quiz Introduction
C1 Ledger Line Notes Quiz
C1 Letters and Lengths Quiz (using notes up to one ledger line above and below the staves)

Additional worksheets from our range that touch on note names:

C8 Intervals 2
C8 Intervals 3